Specifying time in queries
Q: I see that when I write data to InfluxDB, Line Protocol only accepts time in epoch format. Do queries also only accept time in epoch format?
A: InfluxQL accepts several different time formats in addition to epoch timestamps. Queries work with both relative time formats and absolute time formats.
For relative time, use `now()` with a valid time duration unit to specify a time based on the current Unix time of the server. For example, select everything from the measurement `einstein` with timestamps that occur in the past 10 minutes:
SELECT * FROM "einstein" WHERE time > now() - 10m
For absolute time, use date-time strings in RFC3339-like format, date-time strings in RFC3339 format, or epoch time. For example, the following three queries select everything from the measurement `absolutismus` where the time is Wednesday, July 20, 2016 at 16:00:00:
SELECT * FROM "absolutismus" WHERE time = '2016-07-20 16:00:00' SELECT * FROM "absolutismus" WHERE time = '2016-07-20T16:00:00Z' SELECT * FROM "absolutismus" WHERE time = 1469030400000000000
For more on specifying time in queries, check out Data Exploration.
Specifying multiple functions in a query
Q: I want to calculate the minimum and maximum for the same field at the same time. Currently, I’m doing this with two queries separated by a semicolon but it seems like a lot of text. Is there a simpler way to do this?
The two queries:
curl -GET 'http://localhost:8086/query?db=claymation&pretty=true' --data-urlencode 'q=SELECT min("movement") FROM "take_1";SELECT max("movement") FROM "take_1"'
A: Yes! You can include more than one function in a single query; just separate the functions with a comma:
SELECT min("movement"),max("movement") FROM "take_1"
Selecting data where a tag has no value
Q: I want to select field values from a measurement where a specific tag has no value. I’ve tried to do this with `””` but I get no results back. Is there a way to do this in InfluxQL?
> SELECT * FROM "vases" name: vases ----------- time origin priceless 2016-07-20T18:42:00Z 8 2016-07-20T18:42:00Z 1 yes > SELECT * FROM "vases" WHERE priceless=""
A: Yes, specify empty tag values with single quotes:
> SELECT * FROM "vases" WHERE priceless='' name: vases ----------- time origin priceless 2016-07-20T18:42:00Z 8
Check out single quoting and double quoting in queries for more information!
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